In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent and Merciful.
Rule of Qurbani: This article is intended to clear up many misunderstandings regarding Qurbani/Udhiya. It is written in response to many questions raised by my friends on social media. I have also come across a lot of false propaganda and incorrect information about Qurbani on the internet. Therefore, I thought it would be appropriate to bring out a complete article so that people can have a clear and comprehensive understanding regarding this blessed act of ibadat (worship).
It is my humble request that you read this post carefully and doesn’t just skim through for information because there are times when you might get confused.
This article will answer all your questions. However, if there is anything that you want to ask me privately, then please do so either in the comments section or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or contact me on Twitter (which I use more regularly) @FahadYounis _.
I hope that you all find this comprehensive and have a lot of benefits.
Rule of Qurbani: The different categories of Qurbani/Udhiya, their rules & conditions, as well as the rulings surrounding them. How much one should make an intention for Udhiya/Qurbani Sa’ee or Eid ul Adha. Exactly how much Qurbani/ Udhiya meat can be eaten? Who is eligible to perform, receive or take part in Qurbani/Udhiya. Can one send someone else to slaughter the animal on their behalf? And more!
The Different Categories of Qurbani / Udhiya: First we will need to differentiate between the different types of Qurbani.
There are generally three categories which include:
Udhiya al-Qurbatayn: (the Udhiya for two Eids) The animal is slaughtered before the Eid prayer and then donated for charity after Eid prayer. Essentially there will be only one Eid prayer on the day of slaughter.
No Udhiya al-Qurbatayn: (the Udhiya for one Eid) The animal is sacrificed before the Eid prayer and then donated for charity after Eid prayer. There will be two Eid prayers on this day. However, there are specific rules attached to this category which we will discuss later in its own section. Qurbani al-Udhiya: (the Qurbani for Udhiya) The animal is slaughtered after the Eid prayer. There are specific rules and conditions attached to this category which we will discuss later in its own section.
Please note that the term “udhiya” refers to only one of these categories. In this article, when I refer to “Udhiya” or “Qurbani,” I am referring to the animal which is slaughtered after the Eid prayer.
The Rules & Conditions:
Next, we will learn the rules and conditions for all these three categories. However, before that let’s first discuss what exactly is Udhiya al-Qurbatayn.
Udhiya al-Qurbatayn: (the Udhiya for two Eids) [See above] In this category the animal will be slaughtered before the Eid prayer and then donated for charity after both Eid prayers. However, there are some specific conditions attached to it which we will discuss shortly.
No Udhiya al-Qurbatayn: (the Udhiya for one Eid) [See above] In this category, the animal is sacrificed before the first Eid prayer and then donated for charity after both Eid prayers. It is important to note that there are specific rules attached to this category which we will discuss shortly.
Rule #1 We will first mention the rule regarding Udhiya al-Qurbatayn. Please note that in order for an animal to be considered Udhiya al-Qurbatayn, it must fulfill the following conditions:
The animal is slaughtered before the Eid prayer of Eid ul Fitr or Eid ul Adha and then donated for charity after both Eid prayers. Please note that the word “Qurbat” was deliberately used as it is understood that this Qurbani occurs just before Eid ul Fitr or Eid ul Adha (i.e., just before the day/time of prayer). The animal should not have been slaughtered on the same day at any other place (for example, if you sacrificed it in your home first and then took it to the Eid prayer). This is regardless of whether or not someone else had donated for charity on your behalf after slaughtering the animal. If this is done, then that animal will no longer be considered Udhiya al-Qurbatayn. [A: Please see the “Detailed Notes” section for more information.]
Rule #2 The animal slaughtered for Udhiya al-Qurbatayn should be from healthy and sound stock. It should not have any sickness, disease, or defect such as missing an eye/ear/leg, etc. [A: Please see the “Detailed Notes” section for more information.]
Rule #3 The animal should be slaughtered in a public place. This is to ensure that the slaughter was carried out according to Islamic rules and regulations by a trained and qualified person. For example, it would not suffice (in terms of fulfilling this condition) if you take your goat home, slaughter it privately there, then return with its meat wrapped up on ice for consumption at another location like the mosque or someone’s house later tonight!
This article is written to clear up many misunderstandings about the rules and regulations pertaining to Qurbani, as well as dispel misinformation that you may have come across on the internet. So, if you want a comprehensive understanding of what it means for us Muslims to perform this act of worship from zakat (charity) in our lives then read on!